Top 3 Fire Extinguishing Systems for Buildings

Top 3 Fire Extinguishing Systems for Buildings

Top 3 Fire Extinguishing Systems for Buildings

Fire Incidents

  • Causes of House Fire Accidents

While the fire is of extreme importance in our lives, it could be extremely dangerous as well as deadly. Here will discuss house fire accidents.? Such accidents are more common than what most people think and here are the main reasons that cause fire accidents to occur:

  • Cooking Equipment: The main cause of fire building accidents are cooking equipment. A stove left without being checked can lead up to the entire house or building getting burned.
  • Careless Smoking: While careless smoking mostly affects forests and the environment; however, if a cigarette is thrown in a trash bin without being completely extinguished, it can cause the trash to burn and potentially set fire to the entire house or building.
  • Flammable Liquids: Flammable liquids such as fuels, solvents, cleaning agents, thinners, adhesives, paints, and other raw materials can easily ignite and thus causing an explosion or burst into flames.
  • Candles: many people all over the world still use candles during night time. Careless using candles is also one of the parameters for a fire accident.

 

  • Effects of House Fire Accidents

Effects of house fire accidents range from minor accidents to disastrous results. Here are the main effects of houses and buildings fire accidents:

  • Skin Burns: burn injuries could be extremely painful and even traumatizing to many.
  • High Heat Levels: extreme hot temperatures may cause fatal injuries.
  • Carbon Dioxide Release: during a fire accident a chemical reaction occurs that results in the release of carbon dioxide which can be dangerous if inhaled.

Grenfell Tower in west London

The burnt-out carcass of Grenfell Tower in west London

Fire Extinguishing Systems for Buildings

  • How to Prevent Fire Incidents?

Preventing Fire:

here are some important rules for preventing a fire from happening: 

  • Never leave the stove on unless you are constantly checking it.
  • Make sure you are using the right wirings.
  • Avoid indoor smoking.
  • Have the heating equipment such as the chimney cleaned and inspected annually by a qualified technician.
  • Always have a smoke detector alarm device installed in your building.

Extinguishing Fire:  

The most common way of extinguishing a fire is by simply using a fire extinguisher which is almost always available and a must be installed in every building. However, there are plenty of other systems that one can use to be able to successfully extinguish and stop the fire. 

  • Fire extinguishing systems

Fire extinguishing systems as their names indicate are used to extinguish or suppress fires in all sorts of buildings including houses, factories, and industrial parks. Such systems usually use a combination of dry chemicals and or wet agents in order to suppress a fire. There are many types of fire suppression system such as:

  • Fire sprinkler systems.
  • Fully Automatic Vehicle Fire Suppression Systems.
  • External water spray system.
  • Wet and dry chemical agents.
  • Water.

Top Fire Extinguishing Systems for Buildings

  • sprinkler systems

A sprinkler system

A sprinkler system

One of the most commonly used systems for firefighting and fire extinguishing is the sprinkler system. There are four types of these systems:

  • Pre-Action Systems: the pre-action sprinkler systems are filled with air allowing water to pass through and sprinkle the area where the potential fire hazard has been detected. However, in order to prevent accidental or unnecessary sprinkling due to false alarms, two triggers must be first activated.
  • Wet Pipe Systems: the wet pipe sprinkler systems are probably the most common types of such systems. Due to their low maintenance and cost-effectiveness, they are installed in almost all buildings. The wet pipe systems are constantly filled with water thus leading to their immediate response to fire accidents and hazards.
  • Dry Pipe Systems: Dry pipe sprinkler systems use pressured air before the water is released. Their major drawback is their long time delay between emptying of pressured air and escaping of water which is one minute; however, the dry pipe systems are perfect to be used in buildings with low temperature since there is no risk of the water freezing inside the pipes
  • Deluge Systems: Deluge systems are most commonly used in factories and industrial parks because of their ability in extinguishing fires which take place on a flat surface such as a floor by flooding it.

 

  • Fire Hose Reels

Fire Hose Reel

Fire Hose Reel

Fore Hose Reels systems are located at key points inside buildings in order to provide a reasonably accessible and controlled supply of water for fire extinguishing. Fire hose reels consist of pumps, pipes and water supply. They are manually controlled and operated. Fire hose reels could be activated by opening the valve in order to enable the water to flow into the hose.

  • Fire hydrant systems

Fire Hydrant System

Fire Hydrant System

Fire Hydrant Systems are among the most effective firefighting devices. They not only help to harness fire in the most effective and rapid way, but they also speed up the process by limiting the number of hoses the firefighters have to lay. The use of these systems is restricted to trained people because they can pose great danger for non-trained users causing serious injuries. To provide the necessary support for the effective work of this system, such essential parts as pumps tanks and fire service boosters must be used. Also, a routine check and test must be occasionally carried out so that these systems are functional when needed.

Conclusion

In conclusion, fire accidents and incidents could be really devastating to both the environment, buildings and most important of all to human lives and that is why it is extremely important and vital to have fire extinguishing systems in order to be able to stop the fire from spreading and before leading to serious damages.

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